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**Body surface area** (BSA) is the method that is mostly used in medicine and physiology. **BSA medical** is the computed or calculated surface area of a human body.

BSA is one sign that is used mostly for medical purposes to determine the total metabolic mass as compared to body weight and the advantage using BSA is that it is less affected by the abnormal adipose mass.

The values of BSA are used mostly in medicine, mainly used to calculate index cardiac output and doses of chemotherapeutic agents.

Here are some examples:

- Renal clearance often divided by the BSA that is per 1.73 m² to gain a rise in the true GFR (glomerular filtration rate)
- Glucocorticoid medication are given according to BSA to measure maintenance of medicine doses or used to compare high medicine usage with the maintenance conditions
- Chemotherapy dosage is sometimes given according to the value of BSA of the person
- The cardiac index is the calculation of cardiac output which is then divided by the BSA, giving a better estimate of the in effect cardiac output.

Average BSA changes according to age, height, and weight in a person. The average value in an adult is 1.7 m^{2}.

Average value in adult male= 19.2 m^{2 }

The average value in an adult female is =16.2 m^{2}

Here is a table for BSA according to age and average values:

Mean male BSA by age | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Age or age group | metric | imperial | ||

Neonate (newborn) | 0.243 | m^{2} | 2.612 | ft^{2} |

2 years | 0.563 | m^{2} | 6.060 | ft^{2} |

5 years | 0.787 | m^{2} | 6.060 | ft^{2} |

10 years | 1.236 | m^{2} | 13.304 | ft^{2} |

13 years | 1.603 | m^{2} | 17.255 | ft^{2} |

18 years | 1.980 | m^{2} | 21.313 | ft^{2} |

20-79 years | 2.060 | m^{2} | 22.173 | ft^{2} |

80+ years | 1.920 | m^{2} | 20.667 | ft^{2} |

Mean female BSA by age | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Age or age group | metric | imperial | ||

Neonate (newborn) | 0.234 | m^{2} | 2.519 | ft^{2} |

2 years | 0.540 | m^{2} | 5.813 | ft^{2} |

5 years | 0.771 | m^{2} | 8.299 | ft^{2} |

10 years | 1.245 | m^{2} | 13.401 | ft^{2} |

13 years | 1.550 | m^{2} | 16.684 | ft^{2} |

18 years | 1.726 | m^{2} | 18.579 | ft^{2} |

20-79 years | 1.830 | m^{2} | 19.697 | ft^{2} |

80+ years | 1.638 | m^{2} | 17.631 | ft^{2} |

The table shows the estimations which are based on height and weight. These are the mean values commonly found in people and might change as per the situation.

BSA calculations involve various formulas that are used to calculate BSA (m^{2}) by using Weight (kg), height (cm).

Here is a **body surface area chart** estimating average BSA of adults and children:

ft^{2} | m^{2} | |

Newborn child | 2.69 | 0.25 |

Two-year-old child | 5.38 | 0.5 |

Ten-year-old child | 12.27 | 1.14 |

Adult female | 17.22 | 1.6 |

Adult male | 20.45 | 1.9 |

You can calculate BSA manually or you can use our Body surface area calculator to speed up the process of calculation with precision the most abundantly used formula to calculate is Du Bois, Du Bois **BSA equation** which is quite effective while calculating body fat in obese and underweight persons as compared to **Body mass index**.

**Du Bois Formula:** {BSA} =0.007184×W^{0.425}× H^{0.725}

This formula is simple and easy to remember.

Other **BSA formulas** in m^{2} include:

**Gehan and George:** 0.0235 × W^{0.51456 }× H^{0.42246 }

**Fujimoto**: 0.008883 × W^{0.444 }× H^{0.663}

**Takahira:** 0.007241 × W^{0.425 }× H^{0.725}

**Schlich**: 0.000975482× W^{0.46} × H^{1.08 }(for men)

0.000579479 × W^{0.38} × H^{1.24 }(for women)

These are some of the other body surface area formulas that can be used to manually calculate a person’s BSA. These formulas look similar to BMI but there is a significant difference between two which is discussed below.

The other way to find BSA is to use our body surface area calculator.

However, there are multiple formulas that are used to calculate BSA but the easiest and human error-free is to use online tools. Our developers have made this online tool to help people quickly get results rather than putting values in the formula to get desired results.

Our tool is quick and user-friendly, all you need to know is your weight and height and insert them in the provided area in any unit like for height inches, cm, feet, and meters.

After putting the values just click on the Calculate button to get results. You can use the results for further examination by your doctor to check the risks and suggest your medication according to it.

People often get confused between both terms although they are quite similar as they both are used to determine Body mass.

Body Surface area and Body mass index are different to some extent that one is used to measure the surface area of a person’s body and the other is used to calculate the degree of obesity in a person.

Furthermore, the formulas are also different:

The SI unit for BSA is m^{2} and unit for BMI is kg/m^{2}. These are different terms and should not be confused. Both BSA and BMI are clinically used in different areas and according to the situation.